Historical Perspectives of IT in Cluj-Napoca
11 January 201924 April 2013 | Software Outsourcing
The first reports on IT activities in Cluj-Napoca date back to 1957, when Tiberiu Popoviciu, a well-known mathematician, founded the “Computing Institute”. In fact, the “Computing Institute” was a new name given to the Mathematics section of the Romanian Academy in Cluj-Napoca, also founded by Tiberiu Popoviciu.
The notion of a “Computer Department” is mentioned for the first time in 1957; department which, after just two years of existence, built the first computer with Marica relay, followed by DACICC-1 (1963) with tubes and transistors, and in 1968 by a fully transistorized computer called Dhaka-200.
The high education institutes of Cluj-Napoca founded in 1960 aimed to promote the IT sector of Cluj-Napoca. The department of Electromechanics was founded within the Polytechnic Institute of Cluj-Napoca, the current UTCN, and four years later it was followed by the Electrotechnic department.
Another important moment in the development of the Cluj-Napoca IT field is the establishment of UBB University and the founding of the Computing Centre in 1975. Also, an IT specialization was introduced within the Faculty of Mathematics; to reflect this new branch the name of the faculty became “Faculty of Mathematics and Computer Science”.
All these steps made education the IT engine of Cluj-Napoca well into the `90s when the private market started to gain ground. The first IT companies from Cluj-Napoca focused on distributing hardware components.
All the actions and efforts mentioned so far contributed to the development of the IT sector in Cluj-Napoca. The present finds Cluj-Napoca a real IT hub, with a great number of IT companies involved mostly in custom software development. Actions contributing to the growth of the local IT sector follow one another at a rapid pace. The Cluj-Napoca IT cluster has been founded recently, bringing together 23 IT companies; this organization aims to transform Cluj-Napoca into an important software development hub in Eastern Europe.
Source: Today Software Magazine